spNNGP R Package for Nearest Neighbor Gaussian Process Models

Andrew O. Finley, Abhirup Datta, Sudipto Banerjee

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This paper describes and illustrates functionality of the spNNGP R package. The package provides a suite of spatial regression models for Gaussian and non-Gaussian pointreferenced outcomes that are spatially indexed. The package implements several Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and MCMC-free nearest neighbor Gaussian process (NNGP) models for inference about large spatial data. Non-Gaussian outcomes are modeled using a NNGP Pólya-Gamma latent variable. OpenMP parallelization options are provided to take advantage of multiprocessor systems. Package features are illustrated using simulated and real data sets.

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